Journal Fresh

Journal Fresh

Latest Research Papers: [Updated: Sep 3, 2014]

  • Low Carb Beats Low Fat for Weight Loss, CV Risk By Nancy Walsh [See]
  • Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets: A Randomized Trial. Lydia A. Bazzano et al. Ann Intern Med. 2014;161(5):309-318. doi:10.7326/M14-0180 [See]
  • Shin and colleagues at Baylor University and Harvard analyzed the health and diet of nearly 11,000 adults in South Korea between ages 19 and 64. Women who ate instant noodles twice a week or more had a higher risk of metabolic syndrome than those who ate ramen less, or not at all, regardless of whether their diet style fell into the traditional or fast-food category. [See J Nutri | Washington Post | All Voices]
  • New Study Finds Diabetes Risk Rises With Statin Adherence. Miriam E. Tucker [See]
  • Diabetes: Let Food Be Thy Medicine [See]
  • Large prospective study finds that intensity of daily exercise such as fast walking and jogging reduce the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome by as much as 50% whereas walking as much as 1 h daily is not associated with reduced risk. Laursen AH et al. Intensity versus duration of physical activity: implications for the metabolic syndrome. A prospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001711 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001711 [Full Text] Oct 10, 2012
  • ≥3 cups of caffeinated coffee daily increases risk of glaucoma. Pasquale LR et al. The Relationship between Caffeine and Coffee Consumption and Exfoliation Glaucoma or Glaucoma Suspect: A Prospective Study in Two Cohorts. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. September 21, 2012;53(10):6427-6433. [See] Oct 10, 2012.
  • Fasting proneurotensin, a satiety hormone, significantly associated with the development of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and with total and cardiovascular mortality. Melander O et al. Plasma Proneurotensin and Incidence of Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, Breast Cancer, and Mortality. JAMA. 2012;308(14):1469-1475. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.12998. [See] Oct 10, 2012
  • Daily intake of sucrose-sweetened soft drinks is likely to enhance the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Maersk M et al. Sucrose-sweetened beverages increase fat storage in the liver, muscle, and visceral fat depot: a 6-mo randomized intervention study. Am J Clin Nutr February 2012;95(2):283-289. [See] Oct 10, 2012
  • Reduced sleep promotes metabolic syndrome in adolescents: Sleep Duration and Insulin Resistance in Healthy Black and White Adolescents. SLEEP 2012;35(10):1353-1358. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Paleolithic diets as a model for prevention and treatment of western disease. Am. J. Hum. Biol. March/April 2012;24(2):110–115. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Sweetened Beverages increase Genetic Risk of Obesity: Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Genetic Risk of Obesity. NEJM. September 21, 2012. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1203039. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Gut microbiota may play a role in type 2 diabetes: A metagenome-wide association study of gut microbiota in type 2 diabetes. Nature, 2012; DOI:10.1038/nature11450. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Acellular flours, sugars, and processed foods produce an inflammatory microbiota via the upper gastrointestinal tract: Comparison with ancestral diets suggests dense acellular carbohydrates promote an inflammatory microbiota, and may be the primary dietary cause of leptin resistance and obesity. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy 2012:5 175–189. [See]
  • Relationships between Inflammation, Adiponectin, and Oxidative Stress in Metabolic Syndrome. PLoS ONE 7(9): e45693. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045693 [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Metabolic syndrome more common among patients with psoriasis. Madanagobalane S. Indian J Dermatol. 2012;57:353-357. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Relation of Uric Acid to Serum Levels of High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein, Triglycerides, and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and to Hepatic SteatosisAm J Cardiol. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Diabetes and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis. British Journal of Cancer 20 September 2012; doi:10.1038/bjc.2012.414. [See] Oct 4, 2012
  • Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome associated with Impaired Brain Function in Adolescents [See Pediatrics | Report | Report]
  • Pioglitazone increases bladder cancer [See BMJ | Report]
  • Fatty Liver Disease on Rise in Teens [See]

Fructose and Metabolic Syndrome

Fructose and Metabolic Syndrome

Fructose is a key factor in the development of metabolic syndrome [See]

Fructose Impairs, Fish Oil Helps Brain Function
There are more reasons now to avoid fructose, or fruit sugar. A University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) study on rats by Rahul Agrawal and Fernando Gomez-Pinilla has shown that a diet high in fructose slows the brain, hampering memory and learning — and that omega-3 fatty acids can counteract the disruption. The study found that high sugar consumption impaired cognitive abilities and disrupted insulin signalling by engaging molecules associated with energy metabolism and synaptic plasticity; in turn, the presence of docosahexaenoic acid, an n-3 fatty acid, restored metabolic homeostasis.

A growing body of literature suggests that free fructose can also affect neuronal systems. High-fructose intake may on the one hand affect central appetite regulation by altering specific components of the endocannabinoid system. On the other hand, it appears to impact on cognitive function by affecting phosphorylation levels of insulin receptor, synapsin 1, and synaptophysin.

  • Rahul Agrawal, Fernando Gomez-Pinilla. ‘Metabolic syndrome’ in the brain: deficiency in omega-3 fatty acid exacerbates dysfunctions in insulin receptor signalling and cognition. The Journal of Physiology. May 1, 2012;590:2485-2499. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.230078. [Full Text]
  • Katrien Lowette, Lina Roosen, Jan Tack, Pieter Vanden Berghe.
  • Effects of high-fructose diets on central appetite signaling and cognitive function. Front. Nutr., 04 March 2015 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2015.00005. [Full Text]

ಸಂಶೋಧನೆಯ ಆಕರಗಳು

ಸಂಶೋಧನೆಯ ಆಕರಗಳು
  • ಆಧುನಿಕ ಆಹಾರದಿಂದ ರೋಗಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಶರ್ಕರಗಳ ಮಿತವಾದ ಸೇವನೆಯ ಪ್ರಯೋಜನಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಸಿಹಿಯಾದ ವಿಷಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಇನ್ಸುಲಿನ್ ನಿಂದ ಸಮಸ್ಯೆಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಲೆಪ್ಟಿನ್ ಮತ್ತು ಕಾಹಿಲೆಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಉಪಾಪಚಯದ ರೋಗಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಆಹಾರವೂ, ಚರ್ಮವೂ [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಆಹಾರವೂ, ನರಮಾನಸಿಕ ರೋಗಗಳೂ [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಒಳ್ಳೆಯ ಮೇದಸ್ಸು, ಕೆಟ್ಟ ಮೇದಸ್ಸು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಮೊಟ್ಟೆ ಮತ್ತು ಮಾಂಸ [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಉಪ್ಪು ಮತ್ತು ರೋಗಗಳು [ನೋಡಿ]
  • ಹಾಲು ಮತ್ತು ಕ್ಯಾಲ್ಸಿಯಂ [ನೋಡಿ]